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search(12)- elastic4s-聚合=桶+度量
来源:cnblogs  作者:雪川大虫  时间:2020/5/13 8:51:22  对本文有异议

这篇我们介绍一下ES的聚合功能(aggregation)。聚合是把索引数据可视化处理成可读有用数据的主要工具。聚合由bucket桶和metrics度量两部分组成。

所谓bucket就是SQL的GROUPBY,如下:

GET /cartxns/_search
{
  "size" : 2,
  "aggs": {
    "color": {
      "terms": {"field": "color.keyword"}
    }
  }
}

...

  "aggregations" : {
    "color" : {
      "doc_count_error_upper_bound" : 0,
      "sum_other_doc_count" : 0,
      "buckets" : [
        {
          "key" : "red",
          "doc_count" : 4
        },
        {
          "key" : "blue",
          "doc_count" : 2
        },
        {
          "key" : "green",
          "doc_count" : 2
        }
      ]
    }
  }

上面这个例子中是以color.keyword为bucket的。elastic4是如下表现的:

val aggTerms = search("cartxns").aggregations(
    termsAgg("colors","color.keyword").includeExactValues("red","green")
  ).sourceInclude("color","make").size(3)
  println(aggTerms.show)

  val termsResult = client.execute(aggTerms).await

  termsResult.result.hits.hits.foreach(m => println(m.sourceAsMap))
  termsResult.result.aggregations.terms("colors").buckets.foreach(b => println(s"${b.key},${b.docCount}"))

输出为:

POST:/cartxns/_search?
StringEntity({"size":3,"_source":{"includes":["color","make"]},"aggs":{"colors":{"terms":{"field":"color.keyword","include":["red","green"]}}}},Some(application/json))
Map(color -> red, make -> honda)
Map(color -> red, make -> honda)
Map(color -> green, make -> ford)
red,4
green,2

下面的avg_price是个简单的度量:

POST /cartxns/_search
{
  "aggs":{
    "colors":{
      "terms":{"field":"color.keyword"},
      "aggs":{
        "avg_price":{
          "avg":{"field":"price"}
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

...

  "aggregations" : {
    "colors" : {
      "doc_count_error_upper_bound" : 0,
      "sum_other_doc_count" : 0,
      "buckets" : [
        {
          "key" : "red",
          "doc_count" : 4,
          "avg_price" : {
            "value" : 32500.0
          }
        },
        {
          "key" : "blue",
          "doc_count" : 2,
          "avg_price" : {
            "value" : 20000.0
          }
        },
        {
          "key" : "green",
          "doc_count" : 2,
          "avg_price" : {
            "value" : 21000.0
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  }

terms定义bucket。在terms下加上aggs-avg表示符合某个backet条件文件的平均定价avg_price。elastic4是如下表达的:

  val aggTermsAvg = search("cartxns").aggregations(
    termsAgg("colors","color.keyword").subAggregations(
      avgAgg("avg_price","price")
    )
  ).sourceInclude("color","make").size(3)
  println(aggTermsAvg.show)

  val avgResult = client.execute(aggTermsAvg).await

  avgResult.result.hits.hits.foreach(m => println(m.sourceAsMap))
  avgResult.result.aggregations.terms("colors").buckets
    .foreach(b => println(s"${b.key},${b.docCount},${b.avg("avg_price").value}"))

...

POST:/cartxns/_search?
StringEntity({"size":3,"_source":{"includes":["color","make"]},"aggs":{"colors":{"terms":{"field":"color.keyword"},"aggs":{"avg_price":{"avg":{"field":"price"}}}}}},Some(application/json))
Map(color -> red, make -> honda)
Map(color -> red, make -> honda)
Map(color -> green, make -> ford)
red,4,32500.0
blue,2,20000.0
green,2,21000.0

然后,我们可以在bucket里再增加bucket,如下:

POST /cartxns/_search
{
  "aggs":{
    "colors":{
      "terms":{"field":"color.keyword"},
      "aggs":{
        "avg_price":{"avg":{"field":"price"}},
        "makes":{"terms":{"field":"make.keyword"}}
      }
    }
  }
}

...

  "aggregations" : {
    "colors" : {
      "doc_count_error_upper_bound" : 0,
      "sum_other_doc_count" : 0,
      "buckets" : [
        {
          "key" : "red",
          "doc_count" : 4,
          "makes" : {
            "doc_count_error_upper_bound" : 0,
            "sum_other_doc_count" : 0,
            "buckets" : [
              {
                "key" : "honda",
                "doc_count" : 3
              },
              {
                "key" : "bmw",
                "doc_count" : 1
              }
            ]
          },
          "avg_price" : {
            "value" : 32500.0
          }
        },
        {
          "key" : "blue",
          "doc_count" : 2,
          "makes" : {
            "doc_count_error_upper_bound" : 0,
            "sum_other_doc_count" : 0,
            "buckets" : [
              {
                "key" : "ford",
                "doc_count" : 1
              },
              {
                "key" : "toyota",
                "doc_count" : 1
              }
            ]
          },
          "avg_price" : {
            "value" : 20000.0
          }
        },
        {
          "key" : "green",
          "doc_count" : 2,
          "makes" : {
            "doc_count_error_upper_bound" : 0,
            "sum_other_doc_count" : 0,
            "buckets" : [
              {
                "key" : "ford",
                "doc_count" : 1
              },
              {
                "key" : "toyota",
                "doc_count" : 1
              }
            ]
          },
          "avg_price" : {
            "value" : 21000.0
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  }

elastic4示范:

  val aggTAvgT = search("cartxns").aggregations(
    termsAgg("colors","color.keyword").subAggregations(
      avgAgg("avg_price","price"),
      termsAgg("makes","make.keyword")
    )
  ).size(3)
  println(aggTAvgT.show)

  val avgTTResult = client.execute(aggTAvgT).await

  avgTTResult.result.hits.hits.foreach(m => println(m.sourceAsMap))
  avgTTResult.result.aggregations.terms("colors").buckets
    .foreach { cb =>
      println(s"${cb.key},${cb.docCount},${cb.avg("avg_price").value}")
      cb.terms("makes").buckets.foreach(mb => println(s"${mb.key},${mb.docCount}"))
    }

...

POST:/cartxns/_search?
StringEntity({"size":3,"aggs":{"colors":{"terms":{"field":"color.keyword"},"aggs":{"avg_price":{"avg":{"field":"price"}},"makes":{"terms":{"field":"make.keyword"}}}}}},Some(application/json))
Map(price -> 10000, color -> red, make -> honda, sold -> 2014-10-28)
Map(price -> 20000, color -> red, make -> honda, sold -> 2014-11-05)
Map(price -> 30000, color -> green, make -> ford, sold -> 2014-05-18)
red,4,32500.0
honda,3
bmw,1
blue,2,20000.0
ford,1
toyota,1
green,2,21000.0
ford,1
toyota,1

最后,我们再在最内层的bucket增加min,max两个metrics:

POST /cartxns/_search
{
  "size":3,
  "aggs":{
    "colors":{
      "terms":{"field":"color.keyword"},
      "aggs":{
        "avg_price":{"avg":{"field":"price"}},
        "makes":{"terms":{"field":"make.keyword"},
        "aggs":{
          "max_price":{"max":{"field":"price"}},
          "min_price":{"min":{"field":"price"}}
        }
       }
      }
    }
  }
}

...

  "aggregations" : {
    "colors" : {
      "doc_count_error_upper_bound" : 0,
      "sum_other_doc_count" : 0,
      "buckets" : [
        {
          "key" : "red",
          "doc_count" : 4,
          "makes" : {
            "doc_count_error_upper_bound" : 0,
            "sum_other_doc_count" : 0,
            "buckets" : [
              {
                "key" : "honda",
                "doc_count" : 3,
                "max_price" : {
                  "value" : 20000.0
                },
                "min_price" : {
                  "value" : 10000.0
                }
              },
              {
                "key" : "bmw",
                "doc_count" : 1,
                "max_price" : {
                  "value" : 80000.0
                },
                "min_price" : {
                  "value" : 80000.0
                }
              }
            ]
          },
          "avg_price" : {
            "value" : 32500.0
          }
        },
        {
          "key" : "blue",
          "doc_count" : 2,
          "makes" : {
            "doc_count_error_upper_bound" : 0,
            "sum_other_doc_count" : 0,
            "buckets" : [
              {
                "key" : "ford",
                "doc_count" : 1,
                "max_price" : {
                  "value" : 25000.0
                },
                "min_price" : {
                  "value" : 25000.0
                }
              },
              {
                "key" : "toyota",
                "doc_count" : 1,
                "max_price" : {
                  "value" : 15000.0
                },
                "min_price" : {
                  "value" : 15000.0
                }
              }
            ]
          },
          "avg_price" : {
            "value" : 20000.0
          }
        },
        {
          "key" : "green",
          "doc_count" : 2,
          "makes" : {
            "doc_count_error_upper_bound" : 0,
            "sum_other_doc_count" : 0,
            "buckets" : [
              {
                "key" : "ford",
                "doc_count" : 1,
                "max_price" : {
                  "value" : 30000.0
                },
                "min_price" : {
                  "value" : 30000.0
                }
              },
              {
                "key" : "toyota",
                "doc_count" : 1,
                "max_price" : {
                  "value" : 12000.0
                },
                "min_price" : {
                  "value" : 12000.0
                }
              }
            ]
          },
          "avg_price" : {
            "value" : 21000.0
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  }

elastic4示范:

  val aggTAvgTMM = search("cartxns").aggregations(
    termsAgg("colors","color.keyword").subAggregations(
      avgAgg("avg_price","price"),
      termsAgg("makes","make.keyword").subAggregations(
        maxAgg("max_price","price"),
        minAgg("min_price","price")
      )
    )
  ).size(3)
  println(aggTAvgTMM.show)

  val avgTTMMResult = client.execute(aggTAvgTMM).await

  avgTTMMResult.result.hits.hits.foreach(m => println(m.sourceAsMap))
  avgTTMMResult.result.aggregations.terms("colors").buckets
    .foreach { cb =>
      println(s"${cb.key},${cb.docCount},${cb.avg("avg_price").value}")
      cb.terms("makes").buckets.foreach { mb =>
        println(s"${mb.key},${mb.docCount},${mb.avg("min_price").value},${mb.avg("max_price").value}")
      }
    }

...

POST:/cartxns/_search?
StringEntity({"size":3,"aggs":{"colors":{"terms":{"field":"color.keyword"},"aggs":{"avg_price":{"avg":{"field":"price"}},"makes":{"terms":{"field":"make.keyword"},"aggs":{"max_price":{"max":{"field":"price"}},"min_price":{"min":{"field":"price"}}}}}}}},Some(application/json))
Map(price -> 10000, color -> red, make -> honda, sold -> 2014-10-28)
Map(price -> 20000, color -> red, make -> honda, sold -> 2014-11-05)
Map(price -> 30000, color -> green, make -> ford, sold -> 2014-05-18)
red,4,32500.0
honda,3,10000.0,20000.0
bmw,1,80000.0,80000.0
blue,2,20000.0
ford,1,25000.0,25000.0
toyota,1,15000.0,15000.0
green,2,21000.0
ford,1,30000.0,30000.0
toyota,1,12000.0,12000.0

 

原文链接:http://www.cnblogs.com/tiger-xc/p/12879155.html

 友情链接: NPS  问卷模板