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SpringBoot嵌入式Tomcat的自动配置原理
来源:cnblogs  作者:石玉军  时间:2019/10/9 9:00:04  对本文有异议

在读本篇文章之前如果你读过这篇文章SpringBoot自动装配原理解析应该会更加轻松

准备工作

我们知道SpringBoot的自动装配的秘密在org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure包下的spring.factories文件中,而嵌入Tomcat的原理就在这个文件中加载的一个配置类:org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.servlet.ServletWebServerFactoryAutoConfiguration

@Configuration
@AutoConfigureOrder(Ordered.HIGHEST_PRECEDENCE)
@ConditionalOnClass(ServletRequest.class)
@ConditionalOnWebApplication(type = Type.SERVLET)
@EnableConfigurationProperties(ServerProperties.class)
@Import({ ServletWebServerFactoryAutoConfiguration.BeanPostProcessorsRegistrar.class,
        ServletWebServerFactoryConfiguration.EmbeddedTomcat.class,
        ServletWebServerFactoryConfiguration.EmbeddedJetty.class,
        ServletWebServerFactoryConfiguration.EmbeddedUndertow.class })
public class ServletWebServerFactoryAutoConfiguration {

    @Bean
    public ServletWebServerFactoryCustomizer servletWebServerFactoryCustomizer(
            ServerProperties serverProperties) {
        return new ServletWebServerFactoryCustomizer(serverProperties);
    }

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnClass(name = "org.apache.catalina.startup.Tomcat")
    public TomcatServletWebServerFactoryCustomizer tomcatServletWebServerFactoryCustomizer(
            ServerProperties serverProperties) {
        return new TomcatServletWebServerFactoryCustomizer(serverProperties);
    }

    /**
     * Registers a {@link WebServerFactoryCustomizerBeanPostProcessor}. Registered via
     * {@link ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar} for early registration.
     */
    public static class BeanPostProcessorsRegistrar
            implements ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar, BeanFactoryAware {

        private ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory;

        @Override
        public void setBeanFactory(BeanFactory beanFactory) throws BeansException {
            if (beanFactory instanceof ConfigurableListableBeanFactory) {
                this.beanFactory = (ConfigurableListableBeanFactory) beanFactory;
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void registerBeanDefinitions(AnnotationMetadata importingClassMetadata,
                BeanDefinitionRegistry registry) {
            if (this.beanFactory == null) {
                return;
            }
            registerSyntheticBeanIfMissing(registry,
                    "webServerFactoryCustomizerBeanPostProcessor",
                    WebServerFactoryCustomizerBeanPostProcessor.class);
            registerSyntheticBeanIfMissing(registry,
                    "errorPageRegistrarBeanPostProcessor",
                    ErrorPageRegistrarBeanPostProcessor.class);
        }

        private void registerSyntheticBeanIfMissing(BeanDefinitionRegistry registry,
                String name, Class<?> beanClass) {
            if (ObjectUtils.isEmpty(
                    this.beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(beanClass, true, false))) {
                RootBeanDefinition beanDefinition = new RootBeanDefinition(beanClass);
                beanDefinition.setSynthetic(true);
                registry.registerBeanDefinition(name, beanDefinition);
            }
        }

    }

}

首先看一下上方的几个注解

  1. @AutoConfigureOrder这个注解是决定配置类的加载顺序的,当注解里的值越小越先加载,而Ordered.HIGHEST_PRECEDENCE的值是Integer.MIN_VALUE也就是说这个类肯定是最先加载的那一批
  2. @ConditionalOnXXX在之前的文章中已经无数次提到了,就不再阐述了
  3. @EnableConfigurationProperties开启ServerProperties类的属性值配置。而这个类里面包含的就是Web服务的配置
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "server", ignoreUnknownFields = true)
public class ServerProperties {

    private Integer port;

    private InetAddress address;

    @NestedConfigurationProperty
    private final ErrorProperties error = new ErrorProperties();

    private Boolean useForwardHeaders;

    private String serverHeader;

    private int maxHttpHeaderSize = 0; // bytes

    private Duration connectionTimeout;

    @NestedConfigurationProperty
    private Ssl ssl;

    @NestedConfigurationProperty
    private final Compression compression = new Compression();

    @NestedConfigurationProperty
    private final Http2 http2 = new Http2();

    private final Servlet servlet = new Servlet();

    private final Tomcat tomcat = new Tomcat();

    private final Jetty jetty = new Jetty();

    private final Undertow undertow = new Undertow();
}

这个类的代码太多了,这里就不一一贴出来了,我们平常在application.properties中配置的server.xxx就是这个类中属性

  1. @Import引入了4个类,看都是什么吧
  2. BeanPostProcessorsRegistrar
public static class BeanPostProcessorsRegistrar
            implements ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar, BeanFactoryAware {
        @Override
        public void registerBeanDefinitions(AnnotationMetadata importingClassMetadata,
                BeanDefinitionRegistry registry) {
            if (this.beanFactory == null) {
                return;
            }
            registerSyntheticBeanIfMissing(registry,
                    "webServerFactoryCustomizerBeanPostProcessor",
                    WebServerFactoryCustomizerBeanPostProcessor.class);
            registerSyntheticBeanIfMissing(registry,
                    "errorPageRegistrarBeanPostProcessor",
                    ErrorPageRegistrarBeanPostProcessor.class);
        }

        private void registerSyntheticBeanIfMissing(BeanDefinitionRegistry registry,
                String name, Class<?> beanClass) {
            if (ObjectUtils.isEmpty(
                    this.beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(beanClass, true, false))) {
                RootBeanDefinition beanDefinition = new RootBeanDefinition(beanClass);
                beanDefinition.setSynthetic(true);
                registry.registerBeanDefinition(name, beanDefinition);
            }
        }

    }

这个类注册了两个bean:WebServerFactoryCustomizerBeanPostProcessorErrorPageRegistrarBeanPostProcessor关于这两个bean的作用稍后再详细介绍

  1. EmbeddedTomcat
@Configuration
    @ConditionalOnClass({ Servlet.class, Tomcat.class, UpgradeProtocol.class })
    @ConditionalOnMissingBean(value = ServletWebServerFactory.class, search = SearchStrategy.CURRENT)
    public static class EmbeddedTomcat {

        @Bean
        public TomcatServletWebServerFactory tomcatServletWebServerFactory() {
            return new TomcatServletWebServerFactory();
        }

    }

这个类会在存在Tomcat相关jar包时添加一个TomcatServletWebServerFactorybean

其他两个相信大家都知道怎么回事了

  1. 除了这些这个类还注入了两个类ServletWebServerFactoryCustomizerTomcatServletWebServerFactoryCustomizer

现在前期准备工作已经做好了,看一下这个Tomcat是如何启动的吧

启动

启动入口在ServletWebServerApplicationContext中的onRefresh方法

protected void onRefresh() {
        super.onRefresh();
        try {
            createWebServer();
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            throw new ApplicationContextException("Unable to start web server", ex);
        }
    }

Tomcat的启动就在createWebServer方法里面了

private void createWebServer() {
        WebServer webServer = this.webServer;
        ServletContext servletContext = getServletContext();
        //第一次访问的时候两个对象都为空
        if (webServer == null && servletContext == null) {
            ServletWebServerFactory factory = getWebServerFactory();
            this.webServer = factory.getWebServer(getSelfInitializer());
        }
        else if (servletContext != null) {
            try {
                getSelfInitializer().onStartup(servletContext);
            }
            catch (ServletException ex) {
                throw new ApplicationContextException("Cannot initialize servlet context",
                        ex);
            }
        }
        initPropertySources();
    }

首先看一下getWebServerFactory

protected ServletWebServerFactory getWebServerFactory() {
        // 这里获取的beanname就是上方注册的tomcatServletWebServerFactory了
        String[] beanNames = getBeanFactory()
                .getBeanNamesForType(ServletWebServerFactory.class);
        if (beanNames.length == 0) {
            throw new ApplicationContextException(
                    "Unable to start ServletWebServerApplicationContext due to missing "
                            + "ServletWebServerFactory bean.");
        }
        if (beanNames.length > 1) {
            throw new ApplicationContextException(
                    "Unable to start ServletWebServerApplicationContext due to multiple "
                            + "ServletWebServerFactory beans : "
                            + StringUtils.arrayToCommaDelimitedString(beanNames));
        }
        return getBeanFactory().getBean(beanNames[0], ServletWebServerFactory.class);
    }

准备环境里注册的bean现在出来一个了。注意,上方还注册了一个后置处理器EmbeddedServletContainerCustomizerBeanPostProcessor,获取beantomcatServletWebServerFactory的时候就会执行后置处理器的postProcessBeforeInitialization方法

public Object postProcessBeforeInitialization(Object bean, String beanName)
            throws BeansException {
    if (bean instanceof WebServerFactory) {
        postProcessBeforeInitialization((WebServerFactory) bean);
    }
    return bean;
}
private void postProcessBeforeInitialization(WebServerFactory webServerFactory) {
        LambdaSafe
                .callbacks(WebServerFactoryCustomizer.class, getCustomizers(),
                        webServerFactory)
                .withLogger(WebServerFactoryCustomizerBeanPostProcessor.class)
                .invoke((customizer) -> customizer.customize(webServerFactory));
    }

    private Collection<WebServerFactoryCustomizer<?>> getCustomizers() {
        if (this.customizers == null) {
            // Look up does not include the parent context
            this.customizers = new ArrayList<>(getWebServerFactoryCustomizerBeans());
            this.customizers.sort(AnnotationAwareOrderComparator.INSTANCE);
            this.customizers = Collections.unmodifiableList(this.customizers);
        }
        return this.customizers;
    }

    @SuppressWarnings({ "unchecked", "rawtypes" })
    private Collection<WebServerFactoryCustomizer<?>> getWebServerFactoryCustomizerBeans() {
        return (Collection) this.beanFactory
                .getBeansOfType(WebServerFactoryCustomizer.class, false, false).values();
    }

这个处理器的作用是获得所有定制器,然后执行定制器的方法

接着往下看

这个时候就可以启动Tomcat了

public WebServer getWebServer(ServletContextInitializer... initializers) {
        Tomcat tomcat = new Tomcat();
        File baseDir = (this.baseDirectory != null ? this.baseDirectory
                : createTempDir("tomcat"));
        tomcat.setBaseDir(baseDir.getAbsolutePath());
        Connector connector = new Connector(this.protocol);
        tomcat.getService().addConnector(connector);
        customizeConnector(connector);
        tomcat.setConnector(connector);
        tomcat.getHost().setAutoDeploy(false);
        configureEngine(tomcat.getEngine());
        for (Connector additionalConnector : this.additionalTomcatConnectors) {
            tomcat.getService().addConnector(additionalConnector);
        }
        prepareContext(tomcat.getHost(), initializers);
        return getTomcatWebServer(tomcat);
    }
protected TomcatWebServer getTomcatWebServer(Tomcat tomcat) {
        return new TomcatWebServer(tomcat, getPort() >= 0);
    }
public TomcatWebServer(Tomcat tomcat, boolean autoStart) {
        Assert.notNull(tomcat, "Tomcat Server must not be null");
        this.tomcat = tomcat;
        this.autoStart = autoStart;
        initialize();
    }
private void initialize() throws WebServerException {
        TomcatWebServer.logger
                .info("Tomcat initialized with port(s): " + getPortsDescription(false));
        synchronized (this.monitor) {
            try {
                addInstanceIdToEngineName();

                Context context = findContext();
                context.addLifecycleListener((event) -> {
                    if (context.equals(event.getSource())
                            && Lifecycle.START_EVENT.equals(event.getType())) {
                        // Remove service connectors so that protocol binding doesn't
                        // happen when the service is started.
                        removeServiceConnectors();
                    }
                });

                // Start the server to trigger initialization listeners
                this.tomcat.start();

                // We can re-throw failure exception directly in the main thread
                rethrowDeferredStartupExceptions();

                try {
                    ContextBindings.bindClassLoader(context, context.getNamingToken(),
                            getClass().getClassLoader());
                }
                catch (NamingException ex) {
                    // Naming is not enabled. Continue
                }

                // Unlike Jetty, all Tomcat threads are daemon threads. We create a
                // blocking non-daemon to stop immediate shutdown
                startDaemonAwaitThread();
            }
            catch (Exception ex) {
                throw new WebServerException("Unable to start embedded Tomcat", ex);
            }
        }
    }

原文链接:http://www.cnblogs.com/zhixiang-org-cn/p/11638485.html