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iOS 底层原理之—dyld 与 objc 的关联
来源:cnblogs  作者:Julday  时间:2020/11/9 16:00:42  对本文有异议

前言

 

dyld加载过程中,我们知道会调用_objc_init方法,那么在_objc_init方法中究竟做了什么呢?我们来探究下。

 

_objc_init方法

 

_objc_init方法实现

 

 
 
 
void _objc_init(void)
{
static bool initialized = false;
if (initialized) return;
initialized = true;
 
// fixme defer initialization until an objc-using image is found?
environ_init();
tls_init();
static_init();
runtime_init();
exception_init();
cache_init();
_imp_implementationWithBlock_init();
 
_dyld_objc_notify_register(&map_images, load_images, unmap_image);
 
#if __OBJC2__
didCallDyldNotifyRegister = true;
#endif
}
 
 
 
 

_objc_init实现中我们分析下该方法主要做了什么

 

environ_init()

 

该方法主要是读取运行时的环境变量,我们可以通过设置DYLD_PRINT_STATISTICS = YES来打印APP启动到main()函数之前的时长,进而可以进行APP启动优化。具体的environ_init()简介可参考博客iOS-底层原理 16:dyld与objc的关联中有关nviron_init()部分的介绍

 

tls_init()

 

主要用于关于线程key的绑定,比如每线程数据的析构函数。

 

 
 
 
void tls_init(void)
{
#if SUPPORT_DIRECT_THREAD_KEYS
pthread_key_init_np(TLS_DIRECT_KEY, &_objc_pthread_destroyspecific);
#else
_objc_pthread_key = tls_create(&_objc_pthread_destroyspecific);
#endif
}
 
 
 
 

static_init()

 

主要是C++静态构造函数

 

 
 
 
static void static_init()
{
size_t count;
auto inits = getLibobjcInitializers(&_mh_dylib_header, &count);
for (size_t i = 0; i < count; i++) {
inits[i]();
}
}
 
 
 
 

runtime_init()

 

主要是运行时的初始化,主要分为两部分:分类初始化类的表初始化

 

 
 
 
void runtime_init(void)
{
objc::unattachedCategories.init(32);
objc::allocatedClasses.init();
}
复制代码
 
 
 
 

exception_init()

 

初始化libobjc异常处理

 

 
 
 
/***********************************************************************
* exception_init
* Initialize libobjc's exception handling system.
* Called by map_images().
**********************************************************************/
void exception_init(void)
{
old_terminate = std::set_terminate(&_objc_terminate);
}
 
 
 
 

cache_init()

 

主要是缓存初始化

 

 
 
 
void cache_init()
{
#if HAVE_TASK_RESTARTABLE_RANGES
mach_msg_type_number_t count = 0;
kern_return_t kr;
 
while (objc_restartableRanges[count].location) {
count++;
}
 
kr = task_restartable_ranges_register(mach_task_self(),
objc_restartableRanges, count);
if (kr == KERN_SUCCESS) return;
_objc_fatal("task_restartable_ranges_register failed (result 0x%x: %s)",
kr, mach_error_string(kr));
#endif // HAVE_TASK_RESTARTABLE_RANGES
}
 
 
 
 

_imp_implementationWithBlock_init()

 

主要用来启动机制回调

 

 
 
 
/// everything is initialized lazily, but for certain processes we eagerly load
/// the trampolines dylib.
void
_imp_implementationWithBlock_init(void)
{
#if TARGET_OS_OSX
// Eagerly load libobjc-trampolines.dylib in certain processes. Some
// programs (most notably QtWebEngineProcess used by older versions of
// embedded Chromium) enable a highly restrictive sandbox profile which
// blocks access to that dylib. If anything calls
// imp_implementationWithBlock (as AppKit has started doing) then we'll
// crash trying to load it. Loading it here sets it up before the sandbox
// profile is enabled and blocks it.
//
// This fixes EA Origin (rdar://problem/50813789)
// and Steam (rdar://problem/55286131)
if (__progname &&
(strcmp(__progname, "QtWebEngineProcess") == 0 ||
strcmp(__progname, "Steam Helper") == 0)) {
Trampolines.Initialize();
}
#endif
}
 
 
 
 

dyld与objc关联

 

_dyld_objc_notify_register(&map_images, load_images, unmap_image)

 

主要是dyld注册 实际代码实现

 

 
 
 
void _dyld_objc_notify_register(_dyld_objc_notify_mapped mapped,
_dyld_objc_notify_init init,
_dyld_objc_notify_unmapped unmapped)
{
dyld::registerObjCNotifiers(mapped, init, unmapped);
}
 
 
 
 

从上文正中我们可以看出

 

  • mappedmap_images

  • initload_images

  • unmappedunmap_image

 

map_images()函数分析

 

 
 
 
/***********************************************************************
* map_images
* Process the given images which are being mapped in by dyld.
* Calls ABI-agnostic code after taking ABI-specific locks.
*
* Locking: write-locks runtimeLock
**********************************************************************/
void
map_images(unsigned count, const char * const paths[],
const struct mach_header * const mhdrs[])
{
mutex_locker_t lock(runtimeLock);
return map_images_nolock(count, paths, mhdrs);
}
 
 
 
 

map_images函数中我们发现map_images_nolock函数是重点,我们进入map_images_nolock函数

 

map_images_nolock

 

我们查看代码实现

 

从截图中我们可以看出_read_images是我们要重点研究的方法

 

_read_images函数分析

 

是否是第一次加载

 

修复预编译时@selector的错乱问题

 

错误类处理,通过readClass读取出来类的信息

 

重新设置映射镜像

 

消息处理

 

类中如果有协议,读取协议

 

映射协议

 

加载分类

 

注意在分类处理中主要是通过load_categories_nolock处理,我们进入load_categories_nolock函数中

 

load_categories_nolock函数

 

 
 
 
static void load_categories_nolock(header_info *hi) {
bool hasClassProperties = hi->info()->hasCategoryClassProperties();
 
size_t count;
auto processCatlist = [&](category_t * const *catlist) {
for (unsigned i = 0; i < count; i++) {
category_t *cat = catlist[i];
Class cls = remapClass(cat->cls);
locstamped_category_t lc{cat, hi};
 
if (!cls) {
// Category's target class is missing (probably weak-linked).
// Ignore the category.
if (PrintConnecting) {
_objc_inform("CLASS: IGNORING category \?\?\?(%s) %p with "
"missing weak-linked target class",
cat->name, cat);
}
continue;
}
 
// Process this category.
if (cls->isStubClass()) {
// Stub classes are never realized. Stub classes
// don't know their metaclass until they're
// initialized, so we have to add categories with
// class methods or properties to the stub itself.
// methodizeClass() will find them and add them to
// the metaclass as appropriate.
if (cat->instanceMethods ||
cat->protocols ||
cat->instanceProperties ||
cat->classMethods ||
cat->protocols ||
(hasClassProperties && cat->_classProperties))
{
objc::unattachedCategories.addForClass(lc, cls);
}
} else {
// First, register the category with its target class.
// Then, rebuild the class's method lists (etc) if
// the class is realized.
if (cat->instanceMethods || cat->protocols
|| cat->instanceProperties)
{
if (cls->isRealized()) {
attachCategories(cls, &lc, 1, ATTACH_EXISTING);
} else {
objc::unattachedCategories.addForClass(lc, cls);
}
}
 
if (cat->classMethods || cat->protocols
|| (hasClassProperties && cat->_classProperties))
{
if (cls->ISA()->isRealized()) {
attachCategories(cls->ISA(), &lc, 1, ATTACH_EXISTING | ATTACH_METACLASS);
} else {
objc::unattachedCategories.addForClass(lc, cls->ISA());
}
}
}
}
};
 
processCatlist(_getObjc2CategoryList(hi, &count));
processCatlist(_getObjc2CategoryList2(hi, &count));
}
 
 
 
 

load_categories_nolock函数实现中,我们可以看到该函数将实例方法协议属性类方法等再次链接了一次。

 

非懒加载类处理

 

处理没有使用的类

 

dyld与objc关联总结

 

  • dyld_start调用_objc_init来初始化,_objc_init中通过dyld调用_dyld_objc_notify_register函数,传入map_imagesload_images这两个参数来处理

  • map_images通过map_images_nolock函数调用_read_images函数

  • _read_images函数中处理类信息、属性、协议、分类等

  • 当一切准备妥当,则再次返回dyld_start中,此时dyldobjc关联了起来

 

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原文链接:http://www.cnblogs.com/Julday/p/13845355.html

 友情链接: NPS