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Android实现视频的画中画功能
来源:jb51  时间:2021/8/26 17:21:14  对本文有异议

简介: Android 8.0(API 级别 26)允许以画中画 (PIP) 模式启动 Activity。画中画是一种特殊类型的多窗口模式,最常用于视频播放。使用该模式,用户可以通过固定到屏幕一角的小窗口观看视频,同时在应用之间进行导航或浏览主屏幕上的内容。

画中画窗口会显示在屏幕的最上层,位于系统选择的一角。您可以将画中画窗口拖动到其他位置(会自动贴边)。当您点按该窗口时,会看到两个特殊的控件:全屏切换开关(位于窗口的中心)和关闭按钮(右上角的“X”)。

效果图:

1、声明对画中画的支持:

默认情况下,系统不会自动为应用提供画中画支持。如果您想在应用中支持画中画,可以通过将 android:supportsPictureInPicture 设置为 true,在清单中注册视频 Activity。此外,指定您的 Activity 处理布局配置更改,这样一来,在画中画模式转换期间发生布局更改时,您的 Activity 就不会重新启动。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    package="com.csu.pictureinpicture">

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme"
        tools:ignore="GoogleAppIndexingWarning">

        <activity
            android:name=".VideoPipActivity"
            android:resizeableActivity="true"
            android:configChanges="screenSize|smallestScreenSize|screenLayout|orientation"
            android:supportsPictureInPicture="true" />
        <activity android:name=".MediaSessionPlaybackActivity"
            android:resizeableActivity="true"
            android:configChanges="screenSize|smallestScreenSize|screenLayout|orientation"
            android:supportsPictureInPicture="true">

   <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
            
  </activity>

    </application>

</manifest>

2、将 Activity 切换到画中画模式:

如要进入画中画模式,Activity 必须调用enterPictureInPictureMode()

/**
 * Enters Picture-in-Picture mode.
 */
void minimize() {
    if (null == mMovieView) {
        return;
    }

    // Hide the controls in Picture-in-Picture mode.
    mMovieView.hideControls();
    // Calculate the aspect ratio of the PiP screen.
    Rational aspectRatio = new Rational(mMovieView.getWidth(), mMovieView.getHeight());
    mPictureInPictureParamsBuilder.setAspectRatio(aspectRatio).build();
    enterPictureInPictureMode(mPictureInPictureParamsBuilder.build());
}

3、处理画中画模式下的界面元素

当 Activity 进入或退出画中画模式时,系统会调用 Activity.onPictureInPictureModeChanged() Fragment.onPictureInPictureModeChanged() 。在画中画模式下,Activity 会在一个小窗口中显示。在画中画模式下,用户无法与界面元素互动,并且可能很难看清小界面元素的详细信息。在 Activity 进入画中画模式之前移除其他界面元素,并在 Activity 再次变为全屏时恢复这些元素:

@Override
public void onPictureInPictureModeChanged(boolean isInPictureInPictureMode, Configuration newConfig) {
    super.onPictureInPictureModeChanged(isInPictureInPictureMode, newConfig);
    if (isInPictureInPictureMode) {
        // Starts receiving events from action items in PiP mode.
        mReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
            @Override
            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
                if (null == intent || !ACTION_MEDIA_CONTROL.equals(intent.getAction())) {
                    return;
                }

                // This is where we are called back from Picture-in-Picture action items.
                final int controlType = intent.getIntExtra(EXTRA_CONTROL_TYPE, 0);
                switch (controlType) {
                    case CONTROL_TYPE_PLAY:
                        mMovieView.play();
                        break;
                    case CONTROL_TYPE_PAUSE:
                        mMovieView.pause();
                        break;
                    default:
                        break;
                }
            }
        };
        registerReceiver(mReceiver, new IntentFilter(ACTION_MEDIA_CONTROL));
    } else {
        // We are out of PiP mode. We can stop receiving events from it.
        unregisterReceiver(mReceiver);
        mReceiver = null;
        // Show the video controls if the video is not playing
        if (null != mMovieView && !mMovieView.isPlaying()) {
            mMovieView.showControls();
        }
    }
}

完整代码:

页面布局文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:id="@+id/activity_video"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".VideoPipActivity">

    <com.csu.pictureinpicture.widget.MovieView
        android:id="@+id/movie"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:adjustViewBounds="true"
        android:src="@raw/vid_bigbuckbunny"
        android:title="@string/title_bigbuckbunny"/>

    <ScrollView
        android:id="@+id/scroll"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1">

        <LinearLayout
            android:id="@+id/vertical"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:orientation="vertical"
            android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
            android:paddingEnd="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
            android:paddingStart="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
            android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin">

            <Button
                android:id="@+id/pip"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text="@string/enter_picture_in_picture"/>

        </LinearLayout>

    </ScrollView>

</LinearLayout>

Activity文件:

public class VideoPipActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    /**
     * Intent action for media controls from Picture-in-Picture mode.
     */
    private static final String ACTION_MEDIA_CONTROL = "media_control";

    /**
     * Intent extra for media controls from Picture-in-Picture mode.
     */
    private static final String EXTRA_CONTROL_TYPE = "control_type";

    /**
     * The request code for play action PendingIntent.
     */
    private static final int REQUEST_PLAY = 1;

    /**
     * The request code for pause action PendingIntent.
     */
    private static final int REQUEST_PAUSE = 2;

    /**
     * The request code for info action PendingIntent.
     */
    private static final int REQUEST_INFO = 3;

    /**
     * The intent extra value for play action.
     */
    private static final int CONTROL_TYPE_PLAY = 1;

    /**
     * The intent extra value for pause action.
     */
    private static final int CONTROL_TYPE_PAUSE = 2;

    /**
     * The arguments to be used for Picture-in-Picture mode.
     */
    private final PictureInPictureParams.Builder mPictureInPictureParamsBuilder =
            new PictureInPictureParams.Builder();

    /**
     * This shows the video.
     */
    private MovieView mMovieView;

    /**
     * The bottom half of the screen; hidden on landscape.
     */
    private ScrollView mScrollView;

    /**
     * A {@link BroadcastReceiver} to receive action item events from Picture-in-Picture mode.
     */
    private BroadcastReceiver mReceiver;

    private String mPlay;
    private String mPause;

    private final View.OnClickListener mOnClickListener = new View.OnClickListener() {
        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {
            if (v.getId() == R.id.pip) {
                minimize();
            }
        }
    };

    /**
     * Callbacks from the {@link MovieView} showing the video playback.
     */
    private MovieView.MovieListener mMovieListener = new MovieView.MovieListener() {
        @Override
        public void onMovieStarted() {
            // We are playing the video now. In PiP mode, we want to show an action item to
            // pause
            // the video.
            updatePictureInPictureActions(R.drawable.ic_pause_24dp, mPause, CONTROL_TYPE_PAUSE, REQUEST_PAUSE);
        }

        @Override
        public void onMovieStopped() {
            // The video stopped or reached its end. In PiP mode, we want to show an action
            // item to play the video.
            updatePictureInPictureActions(R.drawable.ic_play_arrow_24dp, mPlay, CONTROL_TYPE_PLAY, REQUEST_PLAY);
        }

        @Override
        public void onMovieMinimized() {
            // The MovieView wants us to minimize it. We enter Picture-in-Picture mode now.
            minimize();
        }
    };

    /**
     * Update the state of pause/resume action item in Picture-inPicture mode.
     *
     * @param iconId      the icon to be used.
     * @param title       the title text.
     * @param controlType the type of te action. either {@link #CONTROL_TYPE_PLAY} or {@link #CONTROL_TYPE_PAUSE}.
     * @param requestCode The request code for the {@link PendingIntent}.
     */
    void updatePictureInPictureActions(@DrawableRes int iconId, String title, int controlType, int requestCode) {
        final ArrayList<RemoteAction> actions = new ArrayList<>();

        // This is the PendingIntent that is invoked when a user clicks on the item.
        // You need to use distinct request codes for play and pause, or the PendingIntent wont't
        // be properly updated.
        final PendingIntent intent = PendingIntent.getBroadcast(
                VideoPipActivity.this,
                requestCode,
                new Intent(ACTION_MEDIA_CONTROL).putExtra(EXTRA_CONTROL_TYPE, controlType),
                0);
        final Icon icon = Icon.createWithResource(VideoPipActivity.this, iconId);
        actions.add(new RemoteAction(icon, title, title, intent));

        // Another action item. This is a fixed action.
        actions.add(new RemoteAction(
                Icon.createWithResource(VideoPipActivity.this, R.drawable.ic_info_24dp),
                getString(R.string.info),
                getString(R.string.info_description),
                PendingIntent.getActivity(
                        VideoPipActivity.this,
                        REQUEST_INFO,
                        new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, Uri.parse(getString(R.string.info_uri))), 0)
        ));

        mPictureInPictureParamsBuilder.setActions(actions);

        // This is how you can update action items (or aspect ratio) for Picture-in-Picture mode.
        // Note this call can happen even when the app is not in PiP mode. In that case, the
        // arguments will be used for at the next call of #enterPictureInPictureMode.
        setPictureInPictureParams(mPictureInPictureParamsBuilder.build());
    }

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_video_pip);

        // Prepare string resource for Picture-in-Picture actions.
        mPlay = getString(R.string.play);
        mPause = getString(R.string.pause);

        // View references
        mMovieView = findViewById(R.id.movie);
        mScrollView = findViewById(R.id.scroll);

        // Set up the video; it automatically starts.
        mMovieView.setMovieListener(mMovieListener);
        findViewById(R.id.pip).setOnClickListener(mOnClickListener);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onStop() {
        // On entering Picture-in-Picture mode, onPause is called, but not onStop.
        // For this reason, this is the place where we should pause the video playback.
        mMovieView.pause();
        super.onStop();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onRestart() {
        super.onRestart();
        if (!isInPictureInPictureMode()) {
            // Show the video controls so the video can be easily resumed.
            mMovieView.showControls();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onConfigurationChanged(@NonNull Configuration newConfig) {
        super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
        adjustFullScreen(newConfig);
    }

    @Override
    public void onWindowFocusChanged(boolean hasFocus) {
        super.onWindowFocusChanged(hasFocus);
        if (hasFocus) {
            adjustFullScreen(getResources().getConfiguration());
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onPictureInPictureModeChanged(boolean isInPictureInPictureMode, Configuration newConfig) {
        super.onPictureInPictureModeChanged(isInPictureInPictureMode, newConfig);
        if (isInPictureInPictureMode) {
            // Starts receiving events from action items in PiP mode.
            mReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
                @Override
                public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
                    if (null == intent || !ACTION_MEDIA_CONTROL.equals(intent.getAction())) {
                        return;
                    }

                    // This is where we are called back from Picture-in-Picture action items.
                    final int controlType = intent.getIntExtra(EXTRA_CONTROL_TYPE, 0);
                    switch (controlType) {
                        case CONTROL_TYPE_PLAY:
                            mMovieView.play();
                            break;
                        case CONTROL_TYPE_PAUSE:
                            mMovieView.pause();
                            break;
                        default:
                            break;
                    }
                }
            };
            registerReceiver(mReceiver, new IntentFilter(ACTION_MEDIA_CONTROL));
        } else {
            // We are out of PiP mode. We can stop receiving events from it.
            unregisterReceiver(mReceiver);
            mReceiver = null;
            // Show the video controls if the video is not playing
            if (null != mMovieView && !mMovieView.isPlaying()) {
                mMovieView.showControls();
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Enters Picture-in-Picture mode.
     */
    void minimize() {
        if (null == mMovieView) {
            return;
        }

        // Hide the controls in Picture-in-Picture mode.
        mMovieView.hideControls();
        // Calculate the aspect ratio of the PiP screen.
        Rational aspectRatio = new Rational(mMovieView.getWidth(), mMovieView.getHeight());
        mPictureInPictureParamsBuilder.setAspectRatio(aspectRatio).build();
        enterPictureInPictureMode(mPictureInPictureParamsBuilder.build());
    }

    /**
     * Adjusts immersive full-screen flags depending on the screen orientation.
     *
     * @param config The current {@link Configuration}.
     */
    private void adjustFullScreen(Configuration config) {
        final View decorView = getWindow().getDecorView();
        if (config.orientation == Configuration.ORIENTATION_LANDSCAPE) {
            decorView.setSystemUiVisibility(
                    View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_STABLE
                            | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_HIDE_NAVIGATION
                            | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN
                            | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION
                            | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN
                            | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
            mScrollView.setVisibility(View.GONE);
            mMovieView.setAdjustViewBounds(false);
        } else {
            decorView.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_STABLE);
            mScrollView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
            mMovieView.setAdjustViewBounds(true);
        }
    }

}

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持w3xue。

 友情链接: NPS