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python3+PyQt5 创建多线程网络应用-TCP客户端和TCP服务器实例
来源:jb51  时间:2019/6/18 8:37:58  对本文有异议

本文在上文的基础上重新实现支持多线程的服务器。

以下为TCP客户端的程序代码:

#!/usr/bin/env python3

import sys
from PyQt5.QtCore import (QByteArray, QDataStream, QDate, QIODevice,
    QRegExp, Qt)
from PyQt5.QtWidgets import (QApplication, QDateEdit, QFrame, QGridLayout,
    QHBoxLayout, QLabel, QLineEdit, QPushButton,
    QWidget)
from PyQt5.QtGui import QRegExpValidator
from PyQt5.QtNetwork import (QTcpSocket,)

MAC = True
try:
  from PyQt5.QtGui import qt_mac_set_native_menubar
except ImportError:
  MAC = False

PORT = 9407
SIZEOF_UINT16 = 2


class BuildingServicesClient(QWidget):

  def __init__(self, parent=None):
    super(BuildingServicesClient, self).__init__(parent)

    self.socket = QTcpSocket()
    self.nextBlockSize = 0
    self.request = None

    roomLabel = QLabel("&Room")
    self.roomEdit = QLineEdit()
    roomLabel.setBuddy(self.roomEdit)
    regex = QRegExp(r"[0-9](?:0[1-9]|[12][0-9]|3[0-4])")
    self.roomEdit.setValidator(QRegExpValidator(regex, self))
    self.roomEdit.setAlignment(Qt.AlignRight|Qt.AlignVCenter)
    dateLabel = QLabel("&Date")
    self.dateEdit = QDateEdit()
    dateLabel.setBuddy(self.dateEdit)
    self.dateEdit.setAlignment(Qt.AlignRight|Qt.AlignVCenter)
    self.dateEdit.setDate(QDate.currentDate().addDays(1))
    self.dateEdit.setDisplayFormat("yyyy-MM-dd")
    responseLabel = QLabel("Response")
    self.responseLabel = QLabel()
    self.responseLabel.setFrameStyle(QFrame.StyledPanel|QFrame.Sunken)

    self.bookButton = QPushButton("&Book")
    self.bookButton.setEnabled(False)
    self.unBookButton = QPushButton("&Unbook")
    self.unBookButton.setEnabled(False)
    quitButton = QPushButton("&Quit")
    if not MAC:
      self.bookButton.setFocusPolicy(Qt.NoFocus)
      self.unBookButton.setFocusPolicy(Qt.NoFocus)

    buttonLayout = QHBoxLayout()
    buttonLayout.addWidget(self.bookButton)
    buttonLayout.addWidget(self.unBookButton)
    buttonLayout.addStretch()
    buttonLayout.addWidget(quitButton)
    layout = QGridLayout()
    layout.addWidget(roomLabel, 0, 0)
    layout.addWidget(self.roomEdit, 0, 1)
    layout.addWidget(dateLabel, 0, 2)
    layout.addWidget(self.dateEdit, 0, 3)
    layout.addWidget(responseLabel, 1, 0)
    layout.addWidget(self.responseLabel, 1, 1, 1, 3)
    layout.addLayout(buttonLayout, 2, 1, 1, 4)
    self.setLayout(layout)

    self.socket.connected.connect(self.sendRequest)
    self.socket.readyRead.connect(self.readResponse)
    self.socket.disconnected.connect(self.serverHasStopped)
    #self.connect(self.socket,
    #       SIGNAL("error(QAbstractSocket::SocketError)"),
     #      self.serverHasError)
    self.socket.error.connect(self.serverHasError)
    self.roomEdit.textEdited.connect(self.updateUi)
    self.dateEdit.dateChanged.connect(self.updateUi)

    self.bookButton.clicked.connect(self.book)
    self.unBookButton.clicked.connect(self.unBook)
    quitButton.clicked.connect(self.close)

    self.setWindowTitle("Building Services")


  def updateUi(self):
    enabled = False
    if (self.roomEdit.text() and
      self.dateEdit.date() > QDate.currentDate()):
      enabled = True
    if self.request is not None:
      enabled = False
    self.bookButton.setEnabled(enabled)
    self.unBookButton.setEnabled(enabled)


  def closeEvent(self, event):
    self.socket.close()
    event.accept()


  def book(self):
    self.issueRequest("BOOK", self.roomEdit.text(),
             self.dateEdit.date())


  def unBook(self):
    self.issueRequest("UNBOOK", self.roomEdit.text(),
             self.dateEdit.date())


  def issueRequest(self, action, room, date):
    self.request = QByteArray()
    stream = QDataStream(self.request, QIODevice.WriteOnly)
    stream.setVersion(QDataStream.Qt_5_7)
    stream.writeUInt16(0)
    stream.writeQString(action)
    stream.writeQString(room)
    stream << date
    stream.device().seek(0)
    stream.writeUInt16(self.request.size() - SIZEOF_UINT16)#overwrite seek(0)
    self.updateUi()
    if self.socket.isOpen():
      self.socket.close()
    self.responseLabel.setText("Connecting to server...")
    self.socket.connectToHost("localhost", PORT)


  def sendRequest(self):
    self.responseLabel.setText("Sending request...")
    self.nextBlockSize = 0
    self.socket.write(self.request)
    self.request = None


  def readResponse(self):
    stream = QDataStream(self.socket)
    stream.setVersion(QDataStream.Qt_5_7)

    while True:
      if self.nextBlockSize == 0:
        if self.socket.bytesAvailable() < SIZEOF_UINT16:
          break
        self.nextBlockSize = stream.readUInt16()
      if self.socket.bytesAvailable() < self.nextBlockSize:
        break
      action = ""
      room = ""
      date = QDate()
      #stream >> action >> room
      action=stream.readQString()
      room=stream.readQString()
      if action != "ERROR":
        stream >> date
      if action == "ERROR":
        msg = "Error: {0}".format(room)
      elif action == "BOOK":
        msg = "Booked room {0} for {1}".format(room,date.toString(Qt.ISODate))
      elif action == "UNBOOK":
        msg = "Unbooked room {0} for {1}".format(room,date.toString(Qt.ISODate))
      self.responseLabel.setText(msg)
      self.updateUi()
      self.nextBlockSize = 0


  def serverHasStopped(self):
    self.responseLabel.setText(
        "Error: Connection closed by server")
    self.socket.close()


  def serverHasError(self, error):
    self.responseLabel.setText("Error: {0}".format(self.socket.errorString()))
    self.socket.close()


app = QApplication(sys.argv)
form = BuildingServicesClient()
form.show()
app.exec_()

以下为TCP服务端的程序代码:

#!/usr/bin/env python3
import bisect
import collections
import sys
from PyQt5.QtCore import (QByteArray, QDataStream, QDate, QReadWriteLock, QThread,QIODevice, Qt)
from PyQt5.QtWidgets import (QApplication, QMessageBox, QPushButton)
from PyQt5.QtNetwork import (QAbstractSocket,QHostAddress, QTcpServer, QTcpSocket)

PORT = 9407
SIZEOF_UINT16 = 2
MAX_BOOKINGS_PER_DAY = 5

# Key = date, value = list of room IDs
Bookings = collections.defaultdict(list)


def printBookings():
  for key in sorted(Bookings):
    print(key, Bookings[key])
  print()


class Thread(QThread):

  lock = QReadWriteLock()

  def __init__(self, socketId, parent):
    super(Thread, self).__init__(parent)
    self.socketId = socketId


  def run(self):
    socket = QTcpSocket()
    if not socket.setSocketDescriptor(self.socketId):
      #self.emit(SIGNAL("error(int)"), socket.error())
      self.error.connect(socket.error)
      return
    while socket.state() == QAbstractSocket.ConnectedState:
      nextBlockSize = 0
      stream = QDataStream(socket)
      stream.setVersion(QDataStream.Qt_5_7)
      if (socket.waitForReadyRead() and
        socket.bytesAvailable() >= SIZEOF_UINT16):
        nextBlockSize = stream.readUInt16()
      else:
        self.sendError(socket, "Cannot read client request")
        return
      if socket.bytesAvailable() < nextBlockSize:
        if (not socket.waitForReadyRead(60000) or
          socket.bytesAvailable() < nextBlockSize):
          self.sendError(socket, "Cannot read client data")
          return
      action = ""
      room = ""
      date = QDate()
      action=stream.readQString()
      if action in ("BOOK", "UNBOOK"):
        room=stream.readQString()
        stream >> date
        try:
          Thread.lock.lockForRead()
          bookings = Bookings.get(date.toPyDate())
        finally:
          Thread.lock.unlock()
        uroom = str(room)
      if action == "BOOK":
        newlist = False
        try:
          Thread.lock.lockForRead()
          if bookings is None:
            newlist = True
        finally:
          Thread.lock.unlock()
        if newlist:
          try:
            Thread.lock.lockForWrite()
            bookings = Bookings[date.toPyDate()]
          finally:
            Thread.lock.unlock()
        error = None
        insert = False
        try:
          Thread.lock.lockForRead()
          if len(bookings) < MAX_BOOKINGS_PER_DAY:
            if uroom in bookings:
              error = "Cannot accept duplicate booking"
            else:
              insert = True
          else:
            error = "{0} is fully booked".format(date.toString(Qt.ISODate))
        finally:
          Thread.lock.unlock()
        if insert:
          try:
            Thread.lock.lockForWrite()
            bisect.insort(bookings, uroom)
          finally:
            Thread.lock.unlock()
          self.sendReply(socket, action, room, date)
        else:
          self.sendError(socket, error)
      elif action == "UNBOOK":
        error = None
        remove = False
        try:
          Thread.lock.lockForRead()
          if bookings is None or uroom not in bookings:
            error = "Cannot unbook nonexistent booking"
          else:
            remove = True
        finally:
          Thread.lock.unlock()
        if remove:
          try:
            Thread.lock.lockForWrite()
            bookings.remove(uroom)
          finally:
            Thread.lock.unlock()
          self.sendReply(socket, action, room, date)
        else:
          self.sendError(socket, error)
      else:
        self.sendError(socket, "Unrecognized request")
      socket.waitForDisconnected()
      try:
        Thread.lock.lockForRead()
        printBookings()
      finally:
        Thread.lock.unlock()


  def sendError(self, socket, msg):
    reply = QByteArray()
    stream = QDataStream(reply, QIODevice.WriteOnly)
    stream.setVersion(QDataStream.Qt_5_7)
    stream.writeUInt16(0)
    stream.writeQString("ERROR")
    stream.writeQString(msg)
    stream.device().seek(0)
    stream.writeUInt16(reply.size() - SIZEOF_UINT16)
    socket.write(reply)

  def sendReply(self, socket, action, room, date):
    reply = QByteArray()
    stream = QDataStream(reply, QIODevice.WriteOnly)
    stream.setVersion(QDataStream.Qt_5_7)
    stream.writeUInt16(0)
    stream.writeQString(action)
    stream.writeQString(room)
    stream<<date
    stream.device().seek(0)
    stream.writeUInt16(reply.size() - SIZEOF_UINT16)
    socket.write(reply)

class TcpServer(QTcpServer):

  def __init__(self, parent=None):
    super(TcpServer, self).__init__(parent)


  def incomingConnection(self, socketId):
    thread = Thread(socketId, self)
    #self.connect(thread, SIGNAL("finished()"),
    #       thread, SLOT("deleteLater()"))
    thread.finished.connect(thread.deleteLater)
    thread.start()


class BuildingServicesDlg(QPushButton):

  def __init__(self, parent=None):
    super(BuildingServicesDlg, self).__init__(
        "&Close Server", parent)
    self.setWindowFlags(Qt.WindowStaysOnTopHint)

    self.loadBookings()
    self.tcpServer = TcpServer(self)
    if not self.tcpServer.listen(QHostAddress("0.0.0.0"), PORT):
      QMessageBox.critical(self, "Building Services Server","Failed to start server: {0}".format(self.tcpServer.errorString()))
      self.close()
      return

    self.clicked.connect(self.close)
    font = self.font()
    font.setPointSize(24)
    self.setFont(font)
    self.setWindowTitle("Building Services Server")


  def loadBookings(self):
    # Generate fake data
    import random

    today = QDate.currentDate()
    for i in range(10):
      date = today.addDays(random.randint(7, 60))
      for j in range(random.randint(1, MAX_BOOKINGS_PER_DAY)):
        # Rooms are 001..534 excl. 100, 200, ..., 500
        floor = random.randint(0, 5)
        room = random.randint(1, 34)
        bookings = Bookings[date.toPyDate()]
        if len(bookings) >= MAX_BOOKINGS_PER_DAY:
          continue
        bisect.insort(bookings, "{0:1d}{1:02d}".format(
               floor, room))
    printBookings()


app = QApplication(sys.argv)
form = BuildingServicesDlg()
form.show()
form.move(0, 0)
app.exec_()

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