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CentOS7下MySQL服务启动失败原因及解决方法
来源:cnblogs  作者:别咬吸管  时间:2019/8/23 8:42:21  对本文有异议

在重启阿里的CentOS7服务器后,重启MySQL 出现错误

Starting mysqld (via systemctl):  
Job for mysqld.service failed because the control process exited with error code.
See "systemctl status mysqld.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details. [FAILED]

按照提示查看错误信息

[root@djaljdw ~]# systemctl status mysqld.service

● mysqld.service - SYSV: MySQL database server.
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld; bad; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: failed (Result: exit-code) since Thu 2019-08-22 14:42:39 CST; 1min 25s ago
     Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8)
  Process: 2427 ExecStart=/etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld start (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE)

Aug 22 14:42:37 izw91diu854rguz systemd[1]: Starting SYSV: MySQL database server....
Aug 22 14:42:39 izw91diu854rguz mysqld[2427]: MySQL Daemon failed to start.
Aug 22 14:42:39 izw91diu854rguz mysqld[2427]: Starting mysqld:  [FAILED]
Aug 22 14:42:39 izw91diu854rguz systemd[1]: mysqld.service: control process exited, code=exited status=1
Aug 22 14:42:39 izw91diu854rguz systemd[1]: Failed to start SYSV: MySQL database server..
Aug 22 14:42:39 izw91diu854rguz systemd[1]: Unit mysqld.service entered failed state.
Aug 22 14:42:39 izw91diu854rguz systemd[1]: mysqld.service failed.
Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.

[root@djaljdw ~]#  journalctl -xe

-- 
-- Unit session-2.scope has begun starting up.
Jan 20 18:26:48 spark01 sshd[2916]: pam_unix(sshd:session): session opened for user spark by (uid=0)
Jan 20 18:26:52 spark01 su[2944]: (to root) spark on pts/1
Jan 20 18:26:52 spark01 su[2944]: pam_unix(su-l:session): session opened for user root by spark(uid=1000)
Jan 20 18:26:56 spark01 polkitd[909]: Registered Authentication Agent for unix-process:2974:117137 
(system bus name :1.25
Jan 20 18:26:56 spark01 systemd[1]: Starting SYSV: MySQL database server....
-- Subject: Unit mysqld.service has begun start-up
-- Defined-By: systemd
-- Support: http://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/systemd-devel
-- 
-- Unit mysqld.service has begun starting up.
Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 mysqld[2979]: MySQL Daemon failed to start.
Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 mysqld[2979]: Starting mysqld: [FAILED]
Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 systemd[1]: mysqld.service: control process exited, code=exited status=1
Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 systemd[1]: Failed to start SYSV: MySQL database server..
-- Subject: Unit mysqld.service has failed
-- Defined-By: systemd
-- Support: http://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/systemd-devel
-- 
-- Unit mysqld.service has failed.
-- 
-- The result is failed.
Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 systemd[1]: Unit mysqld.service entered failed state.
Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 systemd[1]: mysqld.service failed.
Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 polkitd[909]: Unregistered Authentication Agent for unix-process:2974:117137 
(system bus name :1.

发现里面并没有提供有用的错误信息

所以去查看mysql日志信息(/var/log/mysqld.log)

190822 14:44:42 [Note] Plugin 'FEDERATED' is disabled.
190822 14:44:42 InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
190822 14:44:42 InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins
190822 14:44:42 InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
190822 14:44:42 InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
190822 14:44:42 InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M
190822 14:44:42 InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
190822 14:44:42 InnoDB: highest supported file format is Barracuda.
InnoDB: The log sequence number in ibdata files does not match
InnoDB: the log sequence number in the ib_logfiles!
190822 14:44:42  InnoDB: Database was not shut down normally!
InnoDB: Starting crash recovery.
InnoDB: Reading tablespace information from the .ibd files...
InnoDB: Restoring possible half-written data pages from the doublewrite
InnoDB: buffer...
190822 14:44:42  InnoDB: Waiting for the background threads to start
190822 14:44:43 InnoDB: 5.5.59 started; log sequence number 1940403
190822 14:44:43 [Note] Server hostname (bind-address): '0.0.0.0'; port: 3306
190822 14:44:43 [Note]   - '0.0.0.0' resolves to '0.0.0.0';
190822 14:44:43 [Note] Server socket created on IP: '0.0.0.0'.
190822 14:44:43 [ERROR] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Can't create/write to file '/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid' (Errcode: 2)
190822 14:44:43 [ERROR] Can't start server: can't create PID file: No such file or directory

问题找到了:不能创建PID文件:没有这样的文件或目录

于是去查看,果然没有文件夹

[root@djaljdw ~]#  cd /var/run
[root@djaljdw ~]#  mkdir mysqld
[root@djaljdw ~]#  cd mysqld
[root@djaljdw ~]#  touch mysqld.pid
重启服务还是报错
于是又查看日志
190822 14:56:51 [Note] Plugin 'FEDERATED' is disabled.
190822 14:56:51 InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
190822 14:56:51 InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins
190822 14:56:51 InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
190822 14:56:51 InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
190822 14:56:51 InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M
190822 14:56:51 InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
190822 14:56:51 InnoDB: highest supported file format is Barracuda.
InnoDB: The log sequence number in ibdata files does not match
InnoDB: the log sequence number in the ib_logfiles!
190822 14:56:51  InnoDB: Database was not shut down normally!
InnoDB: Starting crash recovery.
InnoDB: Reading tablespace information from the .ibd files...
InnoDB: Restoring possible half-written data pages from the doublewrite
InnoDB: buffer...
190822 14:56:51  InnoDB: Waiting for the background threads to start
190822 14:56:52 InnoDB: 5.5.59 started; log sequence number 1940403
190822 14:56:52 [Note] Server hostname (bind-address): '0.0.0.0'; port: 3306
190822 14:56:52 [Note]   - '0.0.0.0' resolves to '0.0.0.0';
190822 14:56:52 [Note] Server socket created on IP: '0.0.0.0'.
190822 14:56:52 [ERROR] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Can't create/write to file '/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid' (Errcode: 13)
190822 14:56:52 [ERROR] Can't start server: can't create PID file: Permission denied

发现:无法创建PID文件:权限被拒绝

解决办法:
修改 /var/run/mysqld/权限为mysql 
[root@djaljdw ~]#  chown -R mysql /var/run/mysqld
[root@djaljdw ~]#  chgrp -R mysql /var/run/mysqld
[root@djaljdw ~]#  chmod 777 /var/run/mysqld

重启服务完美解决

tip:看日志是解决问题的一个很好的办法!

 

原文链接:http://www.cnblogs.com/bieyaoxiguan/p/11394556.html

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