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Spring Security添加验证码的两种方式小结
来源:jb51  时间:2021/10/8 13:06:10  对本文有异议

一、自定义认证逻辑

生成验证码工具

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.penggle</groupId>
    <artifactId>kaptcha</artifactId>
    <version>2.3.2</version>
</dependency>

添加Kaptcha配置

@Configuration
public class KaptchaConfig {
    @Bean
    Producer kaptcha() {
        Properties properties = new Properties();
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.image.width", "150");
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.image.height", "50");
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.textproducer.char.string", "0123456789");
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.textproducer.char.length", "4");
        Config config = new Config(properties);
        DefaultKaptcha defaultKaptcha = new DefaultKaptcha();
        defaultKaptcha.setConfig(config);
        return defaultKaptcha;
    }
}

生成验证码文本,放入HttpSession中

根据验证码文本生成图片 通过IO流写出到前端。

@RestController
public class LoginController {
    @Autowired
    Producer producer;
    @GetMapping("/vc.jpg")
    public void getVerifyCode(HttpServletResponse resp, HttpSession session) throws IOException {
        resp.setContentType("image/jpeg");
        String text = producer.createText();
        session.setAttribute("kaptcha", text);
        BufferedImage image = producer.createImage(text);
        try(ServletOutputStream out = resp.getOutputStream()) {
            ImageIO.write(image, "jpg", out);
        }
    }
    @RequestMapping("/index")
    public String index() {
        return "login success";
    }
    @RequestMapping("/hello")
    public String hello() {
        return "hello spring security";
    }
}

form表单

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en" xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>登录</title>
    <link href="//maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.1/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="external nofollow"  rel="stylesheet" id="bootstrap-css">
    <script src="//maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.1/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
    <script src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.2.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
</head>
<style>
    #login .container #login-row #login-column #login-box {
        border: 1px solid #9C9C9C;
        background-color: #EAEAEA;
    }
</style>
<body>
<div id="login">
    <div class="container">
        <div id="login-row" class="row justify-content-center align-items-center">
            <div id="login-column" class="col-md-6">
                <div id="login-box" class="col-md-12">
                    <form id="login-form" class="form" action="/doLogin" method="post">
                        <h3 class="text-center text-info">登录</h3>
                        <div th:text="${SPRING_SECURITY_LAST_EXCEPTION}"></div>
                        <div class="form-group">
                            <label for="username" class="text-info">用户名:</label><br>
                            <input type="text" name="uname" id="username" class="form-control">
                        </div>
                        <div class="form-group">
                            <label for="password" class="text-info">密码:</label><br>
                            <input type="text" name="passwd" id="password" class="form-control">
                        </div>
                        <div class="form-group">
                            <label for="kaptcha" class="text-info">验证码:</label><br>
                            <input type="text" name="kaptcha" id="kaptcha" class="form-control">
                            <img src="/vc.jpg" alt="">
                        </div>
                        <div class="form-group">
                            <input type="submit" name="submit" class="btn btn-info btn-md" value="登录">
                        </div>
                    </form>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
</body>

验证码图片地址为我们在Controller中定义的验证码接口地址。

身份认证是AuthenticationProvider的authenticate方法完成,因此验证码可以在此之前完成:

public class KaptchaAuthenticationProvider extends DaoAuthenticationProvider {

    @Override
    public Authentication authenticate(Authentication authentication) throws AuthenticationException {
        HttpServletRequest req = ((ServletRequestAttributes) RequestContextHolder.getRequestAttributes()).getRequest();
        String kaptcha = req.getParameter("kaptcha");
        String sessionKaptcha = (String) req.getSession().getAttribute("kaptcha");
        if (kaptcha != null && sessionKaptcha != null && kaptcha.equalsIgnoreCase(sessionKaptcha)) {
            return super.authenticate(authentication);
        }
        throw new AuthenticationServiceException("验证码输入错误");
    }
}

配置AuthenticationManager:

@Configuration
public class SecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Bean
    AuthenticationProvider kaptchaAuthenticationProvider() {
        InMemoryUserDetailsManager users = new InMemoryUserDetailsManager(User.builder()
                .username("xiepanapn").password("{noop}123").roles("admin").build());
        KaptchaAuthenticationProvider provider = new KaptchaAuthenticationProvider();
        provider.setUserDetailsService(users);
        return provider;
    }

    @Override
    @Bean
    public AuthenticationManager authenticationManagerBean() throws Exception {
        ProviderManager manager = new ProviderManager(kaptchaAuthenticationProvider());
        return manager;
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http.authorizeRequests()
                .antMatchers("/vc.jpg").permitAll()
                .anyRequest().authenticated()
                .and()
                .formLogin()
                .loginPage("/mylogin.html")
                .loginProcessingUrl("/doLogin")
                .defaultSuccessUrl("/index.html")
                .failureForwardUrl("/mylogin.html")
                .usernameParameter("uname")
                .passwordParameter("passwd")
                .permitAll()
                .and()
                .csrf().disable();
    }
}
  1. 配置UserDetailsService提供的数据源
  2. 提供AuthenticationProvider实例并配置UserDetailsService
  3. 重写authenticationManagerBean方法提供一个自己的ProviderManager并自定义AuthenticationManager实例。

二、自定义过滤器

LoginFilter继承UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter 重写attemptAuthentication方法:

public class LoginFilter extends UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter {

    @Override
    public Authentication attemptAuthentication(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws AuthenticationException {
        if (!request.getMethod().equals("POST")) {
            throw new AuthenticationServiceException(
                    "Authentication method not supported: " + request.getMethod());
        }
        String kaptcha = request.getParameter("kaptcha");
        String sessionKaptcha = (String) request.getSession().getAttribute("kaptcha");
        if (!StringUtils.isEmpty(kaptcha) && !StringUtils.isEmpty(sessionKaptcha) && kaptcha.equalsIgnoreCase(sessionKaptcha)) {
            return super.attemptAuthentication(request, response);
        }
        throw new AuthenticationServiceException("验证码输入错误");
    }
}

在SecurityConfig中配置LoginFilter

@Configuration
public class SecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {
    @Override
    protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth)
            throws Exception {
        auth.inMemoryAuthentication()
                .withUser("javaboy")
                .password("{noop}123")
                .roles("admin");
    }

    @Override
    @Bean
    public AuthenticationManager authenticationManagerBean()
            throws Exception {
        return super.authenticationManagerBean();
    }

    @Bean
    LoginFilter loginFilter() throws Exception {
        LoginFilter loginFilter = new LoginFilter();
        loginFilter.setFilterProcessesUrl("/doLogin");
        loginFilter.setAuthenticationManager(authenticationManagerBean());
        loginFilter.setAuthenticationSuccessHandler(new SimpleUrlAuthenticationSuccessHandler("/hello"));
        loginFilter.setAuthenticationFailureHandler(new SimpleUrlAuthenticationFailureHandler("/mylogin.html"));
        return loginFilter;
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http.authorizeRequests()
                .antMatchers("/vc.jpg").permitAll()
                .anyRequest().authenticated()
                .and()
                .formLogin()
                .loginPage("/mylogin.html")
                .permitAll()
                .and()
                .csrf().disable();
        http.addFilterAt(loginFilter(),
                UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter.class);
    }
}

显然第二种比较简单

总结

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